This is the time when your infant can safely transition to soft table food if you haven’t already done so. No more making separate meals for your little one and welcome them to dine together with the entire family and start modeling good eating behavior from a young age. They might not interest in new foods in particular but keep offering and let them explore, it usually takes 8-10 tries of introducing same food item before they start accepting it.
Persistent and interactive fun is the key to coaching healthy eating behavior among children. Don’t skim on the flavor as well. Children doesn’t have to eat bland or mild tasting food, introduce interesting natural flavor such as strong vegetables (broccoli, asparagus, onion, garlic, ginger, cabbages), spices (not spicy) and herbs to stimulate their taste bud. They don’t have to like it but by offering and expose them to the flavor profile will do.
10 – 11 Months old
Baby at this age still requires roughly about 4 feedings (6-8 ounces) of breast milk or formula on a daily basis. The breast milk and formula consist of 50-60% of their daily intake and the remaining is from food. You can start offering combination meals and doesn’t have to be a single food item by this age anymore. Peanut butter, fish, eggs are safe to introduce at this time as well if there’s no history of allergies in you or your partner medical history. A schedule 3 meals 2 snacks should be offered daily.
Make sure to keep offering 2-4 ounces of water in a cup during the day as well. If you live in an area that the water is not fluoridated, then make sure to add 0.5 ml drop of fluoride in the water he/she is drinking starting after 6 months of age. Always check with the pediatrician and pediatric dentist to see if your baby need it. Formula fed baby might not require additional fluoridation.
*There has been some controversies regarding the safety of giving fluoride to infant and young children. At this time, American Academy of Pediatric and American Dental Association still recommend fluoride to be given to children in none fluoridated communities. It will be up to individual parent decision whether they would like to use it for their infant.
12 Months old
They can start eating table food without any problem. Still cut round foods into quarters to avoid choking. Cut other foods into small strips for easy holding. Do not serve whole nuts and hard to to chew item as well. By about one year of age, your baby should be able to self feed themselves (will be messy) with their finger or using spoon/fork. This is part of their development milestone to be able to pick up food and put in their mouth.
Breast milk/ formula still consist about 40-50% of their daily intake (3-4 servings of 6-8 oz milk) and the rest from solid foods. They should be eating 3 meals and 2 snacks daily. A easy rule of thumb to remember how much solid food they should be eating is one tablespoon of each food groups (grains, fruits, vegetables, meat/meat substitute) per year of a child’s age at each meal. Refer to this How_To_Feed_Baby-English step by step guide if you wanted a more specific serving size.
If you still have ample breast milk supply, please continue to breast feed your baby as long as you desire. And, if you are formula feeding, you can also start switching to whole cow’s milk/ full fat (original) fortified soy milk. There is now toddler transitioning formula available from Similac (R), and Enfamil (R) if this is something you are interested in. Your child is also supposed to triple his/her birth weight by the time they turn one.
Note: Let your baby be their own guide as to how much they can eat. Forcing baby to eat the amount of food you think they should can easily back fire and cause food aversion. There’s going to be weeks they don’t have much appetite for food such as teething period. Sometimes they will eat more than the recommended servings and don’t be alarm as well, baby tends to go through short period of growth spurts. As long as they grow accordingly along their growth curve without excessive weight gain or weight loss, there’s nothing much to worry about.